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Roofing 101: Everything You Need to Know About Your Roof

Your roof is one of the most critical parts of your home. It protects you and your family from the elements, enhances curb appeal, and adds value to your property. But how much do you know about your roof? In this blog post, we will cover some of the basics of roofing, such as shingle options, flashing, dormers, and more. By the end of this post, you will better understand how your roof works and what needs to last longer and perform better.


What are Your Shingle Options?


Shingles are the most common roofing material in North America. They come from asphalt, wood, metal, slate, or tile. Each shingle type has advantages and disadvantages depending on durability, cost, appearance, maintenance, and environmental impact.


Asphalt shingles are the most popular and affordable option. They are easy to install, repair, and replace. They come in different styles, colors, and designs to suit any home style. They have a good fire resistance rating and withstand moderate winds and hail. However, they have a shorter lifespan than other roofing materials, typically lasting 15 to 20 years. They are also prone to fading, cracking, curling, and algae growth over time. They could be more eco-friendly, as they contribute to landfill waste and greenhouse gas emissions.


Wood shingles come from natural wood, usually from cedar trees. They have a distinctive look that adds charm and character to any home. They are durable and long-lasting, lasting 30 to 50 years. They are resistant to insects, rot, and mold. They have a high insulation value and can help reduce energy costs. They are environmentally friendly, as they are biodegradable and renewable. However, they are more expensive than asphalt shingles in terms of material and installation costs. They also require more maintenance than asphalt shingles, such as regular cleaning, sealing, and painting. They have a low fire resistance rating and may need additional treatments or coatings to meet fire codes.


Metal shingles come from steel, aluminum, copper, or zinc. They have a modern and sleek appearance that can complement any home style. They are incredibly durable and long-lasting, lasting 50 years or more. They resist fire, wind, hail, corrosion, and pests. They have a high reflectivity value and can help reduce heat gain and cooling costs. They are environmentally friendly, as they are recyclable and energy-efficient. However, they are more expensive than asphalt shingles in terms of material and installation costs. They also tend to be noisy during rain or hail storms. They may dent or scratch easily if not properly installed or maintained.


Slate shingles come from natural stone cut into thin tiles. They have a classic and elegant appearance that can enhance any home style. They are highly durable and long-lasting, with a lifespan of 100 years or more. They resist fire, wind, hail, water damage, and mold. They have a high insulation value and can help reduce energy costs. They are environmentally friendly, as they are natural and recyclable. However, they are the most expensive option among all shingle types in terms of material and installation costs. They also require skilled labor and special tools to install and repair. They are cumbersome and may need additional structural support to hold them. They may crack or chip if not correctly installed or maintained.


Tile shingles come from various materials, such as clay, concrete, or terracotta. They have a unique and colorful appearance that can create a Mediterranean or Spanish look for any home style. They are very durable and long-lasting, lasting 50 years or more. They resist fire, wind, hail, water damage, and insects. They have a high insulation value and can help reduce energy costs. They are environmentally friendly, as they are natural and recyclable. However, they are also costly compared to other shingle types in terms of material and installation costs. They also require skilled labor and special tools to install and repair. They are cumbersome and may need additional structural support to hold them. They may break or crack if not properly installed or maintained.


Knowing the Importance of Flashing


Flashing is a thin metal material, usually made from aluminum, copper, or steel, used to seal and protect vulnerable areas of the roof, such as where the roof meets the walls, chimneys, skylights, vents, or valleys. Flashing prevents water from seeping into the roof and causing leaks, rot, or mold. Flashing is usually installed under the shingles and over the joints or edges of the roof. Flashing can be exposed or concealed, depending on the design and preference of the homeowner. Flashing is an essential component of any roof system, as it helps extend the

lifespan and performance of the roof.


Dormers and How They Impact Your Home


Dormers are protruding structures built on the slope of the roof to create more space, light, and ventilation for the attic or upper floor of the house. Dormers can have different shapes and styles, such as gable, hip, shed, or eyebrow. Dormers can add architectural interest and curb appeal to any home style. Dormers can also increase the value and functionality of the house. However, dormers also require careful planning and installation, as they can affect the structural integrity and drainage of the roof. Dormers also need proper flashing and insulation to prevent water damage and heat loss.



A recently renovated single family home with new roofing and siding installed by Archer Exteriors.


Learn More about Your Roof with Archer Exteriors


These are some of the basics of roofing that you need to know before you buy or replace your roof. By understanding the different components and materials that make up your roof, you can make an informed decision that suits your needs, preferences, and budget. You can also maintain and care for your roof better and avoid common problems and issues that may arise. If you have any questions or concerns about your roof or need professional roofing services, don't hesitate to contact us today. We are a licensed and insured roofing contractor with years of experience and expertise in roofing systems. We offer free estimates, quality craftsmanship, and customer satisfaction. Thank you for reading!


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